Extracts from General Wolfe's Orders
to Young Officers by Major General James Wolfe
If any woman in the regiment has a venereal disease,
and does not immediately make it known to the surgeon, she shall
upon discovery be drummed out of the regiment, and be imprisoned
in the Tolbooth if she ever returns to the corps.
Jan. 1, 1750.
A list to be given tomorrow at orderly time of the number of women in the regiment that sell liquor of any kind, with the streets they live in, and by whose permission it is they sell such liquors, that proper measures may be taken to prevent their contributing to the uncommon villanies that have of late brought reproach upon the regiment.
No soldiers wife is to suttle or sell liquor without
the major's leave, on pain of imprisonment: and leave will only
be obtained for such as are particularly recommended by the captain
or commanding officers of companies.
The officers are desired to discourage matrimony
among the men as much as possible: the service suffers by the multitude
of women already in the regiment.
The lieutenant-colonel is informed that several
soldiers have been married in this town in a clandestine and illegal
manner: this practice is contrary to all order and discipline, and
deserves exemplary punishment, as well as from the civil magistrates
as from the military; the first soldier who shall disobey the repeated
orders that have been given on this subject, and shall presume to
marry in this infamous manner and without his officers knowledge
must expect to be proceeded against with the utmost rigour. The
lieutenant-colonel further recommends to the soldiers not to marry
at all; the long march, and embarkation that will soon follow, must
convince them that many women in the regiment are very inconvenient,
especially as some of them are not so industrious, nor so useful
to their husbands, as a soldiers wife ought to be.
The Lieutenant-colonel has had complaints from the
people in the neighbourhood of this castle against some women of
loose disorderly conduct, supposed to belong to the: garrison; which
however is not true.- The colonel, is likewise informed that the
soldiers have in an open, indecent, and scandalous manner frequented
these same women, to the great dishonour not only of the corps they
belong to, but to mankind in general: he therefore desires they
may be informed, that he considers this sort of commerce with the
sex as the last and most dangerous degree of brutality, ignominy
and vice; and that he cannot but entertain an exceeding contemptible
opinion of those who have been concerned in it. These women, encouraged
by the soldiers, have done mischief here abouts to the farmers;
the soldiers will therefore for the future: be looked upon as the
abettors of these abandoned, infamous persons, and will be accountable
in some measure for their ill deeds, and punished accordingly.
Several soldiers have taken upon them to marry without the consent or approbation of their captains: the lieutenant-colonel will have a list sent of these mens names with the first orderly man.
He has been informed that some mean rascals have
agreed with the magistrates, or civil officers, in their quarters
to marry prostitutes and common whores for pecuniary considerations,
to the great dishonour and discredit of the troops. If ever anything
of this sort comes to his knowledge, he will never forgive the offender,
nor consider him in any other light than as the last and most contemptible
of scoundrels, and will order him to be treated as such upon all
Orders Given by Major General Wolfe in America
The regiments are to receive provisions for no more
than three women per company of 70, and four per company of 100
River St Lawrence
The general has directed (though not in publick
orders) that no woman be permitted to land with the troops, and
no insult of any kind be offered to the inhabitants of the island.
The sutler who was drummed along the line this day
for keeping a disorderly tent, and insulting an officer in the execution
of his duty, is not to be permitted to return, but if found in camp
is to be sent to the provost, and there kept in irons.
Orders and Regulations
Whenever any body of troops marches from this camp no women are to go with them, or follow till further orders; they will be subsisted here.
No women to be petty-sutler in the camp without
proper authority, on pain of being struck off the provision rolls.
The regiments and corps may send for one woman per
company from the Point of Orleans.
If any woman refuses to serve as a nurse in the
hospital, or leaves it without being regularly dismissed by order
of the director, she shall be struck off the provision roll, and
if found afterwards in any of the camps she shall be turned out
It has been observed that fascines have been taken
away from the places where they were deposited by order, - any soldier
found guilty of such irregularity will be most severely punished;
the women are also forbid this practice.
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